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Liechtenstein Map
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currency: Swiss franc (CHF)
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Liechtenstein profile
along with Uzbekistan, one of only two doubly landlocked countries in the world;
variety of microclimatic variations based on elevation
Liechtenstein history
The Principality of Liechtenstein was established within the Holy Roman Empire in 1719. Occupied by both French and Russian troops during the Napoleonic Wars, it became a sovereign state in 1806 and joined the Germanic Confederation in 1815. Liechtenstein became fully independent in 1866 when the Confederation dissolved. Until the end of World War I, it was closely tied to Austria, but the economic devastation caused by that conflict forced Liechtenstein to enter into a customs and monetary union with Switzerland. Since World War II (in which Liechtenstein remained neutral), the country's low taxes have spurred outstanding economic growth. In 2000, shortcomings in banking regulatory oversight resulted in concerns about the use of financial institutions for money laundering. However, Liechtenstein implemented anti-money-laundering legislation and a Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty with the US that went into effect in 2003.
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Conventional long form: Principality of Liechtenstein

Conventional short form: Liechtenstein

Local long form: Fuerstentum Liechtenstein

Local short form: Liechtenstein
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Liechtenstein's capital city is Vaduz
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Liechtenstein Constitution:

5 October 1921;
amended 15 September 2003
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Liechtenstein population growth rate: 0.795%
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Liechtenstein highest point: Vorder-Grauspitz 2,599 m
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Liechtenstein lowest point: Ruggeller Riet 430 m
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About 25% of Liechtenstein's land is arable.
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Rhine River is the Longest River in Liechtenstein
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Liechtenstein birth rate is 11 births/1,000 population
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Liechtenstein infant mortality rate is 4 deaths/1,000 live births
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Liechtenstein fertility rate is 1.69 children born/woman
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Liechtenstein climate:

continental;
cold, cloudy winters with frequent snow or rain;
cool to moderately warm, cloudy, humid summers
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Top 10 cities of Liechtenstein with populations (2012 est.) are:
1. Schaan: 5,454
2. Vaduz: 4,927
3. Triesen: 4,381
4. Balzers: 4,233
5. Eschen: 3,791
6. Mauren: 3,288
7. Triesenberg: 2,556
8. Ruggell: 1,744
9. Gamprin: 1,159
10. Schellenberg: 975
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Liechtenstein ethnic groups:

Liechtensteiner - 65.6%
Other - 34.4%
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Liechtenstein Exports:

small specialty machinery,
connectors for audio and video,
parts for motor vehicles,
dental products,
hardware,
prepared foodstuffs,
electronic equipment,
optical products
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Liechtenstein Imports:

agricultural products,
raw materials,
energy products,
machinery,
metal goods,
textiles,
foodstuffs,
motor vehicles
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unicameral Parliament or Landtag (25 seats; members elected by popular vote under proportional representation to serve four-year terms)

Administrative Divisions:
There are 11 communes (Gemeinden, singular - Gemeinde).
They are:
1. Balzers
2. Eschen
3. Gamprin
4. Mauren
5. Planken
6. Ruggell
7. Schaan
8. Schellenberg
9. Triesen
10. Triesenberg
11. Vaduz
Political parties and leaders:
The Free List (Die Freie Liste) (FL) - Wolfgang MARXER
the independents (Die Unabhaengigen) (DU) - Harry QUADERER
Progressive Citizens' Party (Fortschrittliche Buergerpartei) (FBP) - Alexander BATLINER
Fatherland Union (Vaterlaendische Union) (VU) - Jakob BUECHEL